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Hello everyone!

We continue to review the news of free and open source software and some iron. All the most important thing about penguins and not only in Russia and the world. The new supercomputer in first place in the TOP-500 on ARM and Red Hat Enterprise Linux, two new laptops on GNU/Linux, support for Russian processors in the Linux kernel, a discussion of the voting system developed by DIT Moscow, highly discussion material on the death of dual boot and the unity of Windows and Linux and more.

Table of Contents


  1. Top Stories
    1. The ranking of the highest-performing supercomputers was led by a cluster based on CPU ARM and with Red Hat Enterprise Linux
    2. Began selling heavy-duty laptop on Linux Ubuntu
    3. Dell XPS 13 Developer Edition laptop preloaded with Ubuntu 20.04
    4. Added support for Russian Baikal T1 processors in the Linux kernel
    5. Discussion of the voting system developed by DIT of Moscow and made publicly available
    6. About the death of dual boot and the unity of Windows and Linux (but that’s not accurate)
  2. Short line
    1. FOSS news
    2. Kernel and distributions
    3. System
    4. Special
    5. Security
    6. For developers
    7. Custom
  3. Releases
    1. Kernel and distributions
    2. System software
    3. For developers
    4. Special software

Breaking News


The ranking of the highest-performing supercomputers was led by a cluster based on CPU ARM and with Red Hat Enterprise Linux


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OpenNET writes: “ The 55th edition of the ranking of the world's 500 highest-performing computers has been published. The June ranking was led by a new leader - the Japanese cluster Fugaku, notable for the use of ARM processors. The Fugaku cluster is hosted at the RIKEN Institute of Physical and Chemical Research and provides 415.5 petaflops performance, which is 2.8 more than the leader of the past ranking squeezed out to second place. The cluster includes 158976 nodes based on the Fujitsu A64FX SoC equipped with a 48-core Armv8.2-A SVE CPU (512 bit SIMD) with a clock frequency of 2.2 GHz. In total, the cluster has more than 7 million processor cores (three times more than the leader of the previous rating), almost 5 PB of RAM and 150 PB of shared storage based on the FS Luster. The operating system is Red Hat Enterprise Linux .

Details

Sales of the heavy-duty Linux Ubuntu laptop began


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CNews writes: “ Linux maker System76 has released the new Oryx Pro laptop, capable of running any modern game at maximum graphics settings. When you purchase it, you can configure almost any of its components and even choose between Linux Ubuntu and its modified version of Pop! _OS.... In the basic configuration, Oryx Pro costs $ 1,623 (112.5 thousand rubles at the Central Bank rate as of June 26, 2020). Whereas the most expensive version costs $ 4959 (340 thousand rubles) . "

For Oryx Pro, according to the publication, there are diagonal options of 15.6 and 17.3 inches.An Intel Core i7-10875H processor is used, it has eight cores with the ability to process 16 simultaneous data streams and operates at a frequency of 2.3 to 5.1 GHz. Available memory configuration options from 8 GB to 64 GB. By default, the laptop comes with an Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060 graphics chip and 6 GB of its own GDDR6 memory. It can be replaced with an RTX 2070 or RTX 2080 Super with 8 GB GDDR6.

Details

Introduced Dell XPS 13 Developer Edition laptop with Ubuntu 20.04 preinstalled


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OpenNET writes: “ Dell has begun pre-installing the Ubuntu 20.04 distribution on the XPS 13 Developer Edition laptop model, which is packaged with an eye for software developers in their daily operations. The Dell XPS 13 is equipped with a 13.4-inch Corning Gorilla Glass 6 1920 × 1200 screen (can be replaced with an InfinityEdge 3840 × 2400 touch screen), 10 Gen Intel Core i5-1035G1 processor (4 cores, 6 MB cache, 3.6 GHz), 8 GB of RAM, SSD size from 256 GB to 2 TB. The weight of the device is 1.2 kg, battery life up to 18 hours. The Developer Edition series has been developing since 2012 and is offered with pre-installed Ubuntu Linux, tested to fully support all the hardware components of the device. Instead of the previously proposed release of Ubuntu 18.04, the model will now be equipped with Ubuntu 20.04. »

Details

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Added support for Russian Baikal T1 processors in the Linux kernel


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OpenNET writes: “ Baikal Electronics announced the adoption of the main Linux kernel code to support the Russian Baikal-T1 processor and its BE-T1000-based system. Changes with the implementation of Baikal-T1 support were passed to the kernel developers at the end of May and are now included in the experimental release of the Linux 5.8-rc2 kernel. Reviewing some of the changes, including the device tree descriptions, has not yet been completed and these changes have been postponed for inclusion in the 5.9 kernel . ”
Details 1 , 2

Discussion of the voting system developed by DIT of Moscow and made publicly available


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Two articles appeared on Habré, offering for study and discussion a voting system, the source of which has recently been made publicly available and which is likely to be applied by electronic voting on the Constitution in Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod. The first one parses the system itself, and the second contains reflections on improving the procedure, formulated as a result of the discussion of the first.

Details:

  1. Discussion of the voting system developed by DIT Moscow
  2. Electronic voting control requirements

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About the death of dual boot and the unity of Windows and Linux (but that's not accurate)


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Very discussion material came out on Habré. The author decided to abandon Apple products due to the reluctance to depend on one vendor. I chose Ubuntu, sometimes rebooted into Windows to solve specific problems. After the appearance of WSL, I tried to use Ubuntu not as a separate installation, but as part of Windows and was pleased. Calls to follow his example. Of course, everyone has a choice, and under the article there are already 480 comments, you can stock up on popcorn.

Details

Short line


FOSS News


  1. Many eBooks, Jenkins containers, Tekton Pipelines, and 6 lessons on the Istio Service Mesh.Useful links to live events, videos, meetups and tech talk from RedHat [→]

Kernel and distributions


  1. AMD EPYC Rome CPU support has been moved to all current releases of Ubuntu Server [→]
  2. Fedora intends to use the nano text editor by default instead of vi [→]

System


  1. RADV Vulkan driver has been switched to using the ACO shader compilation backend [→]

Special


  1. VPN WireGuard has been accepted into the main team of OpenBSD [→]
  2. We collect logs with Loki [→]
  3. The ns-3 network simulator tutorial is now in one pdf file [→]

Security


  1. Microsoft has released the Defender ATP package for Linux [→]
  2. Vulnerability in Bitdefender SafePay secure browser that could lead to code execution [→]
  3. Mozilla introduced the third DNS-over-HTTPS provider for Firefox [→]
  4. UEFI vulnerability for AMD processors that could run SMM code [→]

For developers


  1. Bitbucket recalls the imminent removal of Mercurial repositories and leaves the word Master in Git [→ ]
  2. Announced by Perl 7 [→]
  3. Top 10 resources for free to learn shell script development according to It's FOSS [→ (en)]
  4. Open datasets for automotive [→]
  5. I do not want Visual Studio Code: 7 open source alternatives [→]
  6. How to create your first open source project in Python (17 steps) [→]
  7. We speak and show: how we created the ITSkino synchronous video viewing service based on VLC [→]
  8. Flutter and desktop applications [→]
  9. Using Kubernetes secrets in Kafka Connect configurations [→]
  10. The programming language Mash [→]
  11. Installing and configuring LXD on OpenNebula [→]
  12. Managing multiple JDKs on Mac OS, Linux, and Windows WSL2 [→]

Custom


  1. Jitsi Meet: a free and open video conferencing solution that can also be used without any configuration [→ (en)]
  2. How to disable a dock in Ubuntu 20.04 and get more screen space [→ (en)]
  3. GNU/Linux terminal hotkeys [→]
  4. The ps command on Linux [→]
  5. List of processes in Linux [→]

Releases


Kernel and distributions


  1. Functionality and style: the new version of Alt Workstation K 9 has been released [→]
  2. Calculate Linux 20.6 came out [→]
  3. Release of the Grml Live distribution 2020.06 [→]
  4. Launch of LKRG 0.8 module for protection against exploitation of vulnerabilities in the Linux kernel [→]
  5. Linux Mint 20 Ulyana Released [→]

System software


  1. Release of Flatpak 1.8.0 self-contained package system [→]
  2. IPFS 0.6 global decentralized file system release [→]
  3. Updating NVIDIA 440.100 and 390.138 proprietary drivers to fix vulnerabilities [→]
  4. A GPU driver with Vulkan API support prepared for older Raspberry Pi boards [→]

For developers


  1. Release of cppcheck 2.1 static analyzer [→]
  2. CudaText 1.105.5 code editor update [→]
  3. Release of the Perl 5.32.0 programming language [→]
  4. Release of Snuffleupagus 0.5.1, a module for blocking vulnerabilities in PHP applications [→ ]

Special software


  1. Release of a minimal set of system utilities BusyBox 1.32 [→]
  2. The release of curl 7.71.0 with the removal of two vulnerabilities [→]
  3. Reddit-like link aggregator Lemmy 0.7.0 [→]
  4. Stable release of the MariaDB 10.5 DBMS [→]
  5. The first stable release of the graph-oriented DBMS Nebula Graph [→]
  6. Release of the Python library for scientific computing NumPy 1.19 [→]
  7. SciPy 1.5.0 release, libraries for scientific and engineering calculations [→]
  8. Release of PhotoGIMP 2020, a modification of GIMP styled as Photoshop [→]
  9. The next release of QVGE 0.5.5 (visual graph editor) [→]



That's it, until next Sunday!

Many thanks to OpenNET , a lot of news materials and messages about new releases were taken from their site.

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